Leawood (MO line) to Lawrence
After crossing into Kansas, the route through the metropolitan area is on a combination of low volume roads, some with sidewalks, and a developing system of trails in Leawood, Overland Park, Lenexa, and Shawnee. One interesting part of this route is Corporate Woods, where the trail winds between the many buildings that make up the business park. Many of the people who work here walk or ride their bicycles from home. After passing Shawnee Mission Park, the trail stays south of the Kansas River and heads west through the towns of Clearview City, Eudora, and into Lawrence.
Lawrence to Herington
Both the Oregon and Santa Fe national historic trails pass through Douglas County. The ADT generally follows the route of the Santa Fe Trail for the remainder of the way west through Kansas. At Lawrence, the ADT follows the Kansas River Levy Trail, crosses the Kansas River into downtown Lawrence, and visits Massechusettes Street, which is a popular shopping and dining destination. The trail uses bike-friendly streets and local rail-trail through town.. This part of Kansas and the next 200 miles or so are anything but the flat image that most folks may have in their minds. The landscape in physiographic terms is known as Osage Questas, or hill-plains with rather steep slopes, and include the Flint Hills where the bluestem pastureland varies from 100 to 400 feet in elevation.
From Lawrence to Ottawa, the trail parallels U.S. 59 Highway, which has a wide paved shoulder. However most of the route is along “old 59,” which is a frontage road off U.S. 59. Between Ottawa and Council Grove the route use the Flint Hills Nature Trail. The active railroad near the trail from Ottawa to Quenemo is the busiest rail line in Kansas! You will see freight trains while traveling this section. At one time Council Grove was the last and most important outfitting post on the Santa Fe Trail. There are 12 historic sites here, including the Madonna of the Trail, a 16-foot memorial to the courage of pioneer mothers, and the Old Kaw Mission and Museum.
Herington to McPherson
Continuing on back roads, the ADT crosses the Maxwell Game Preserve. There are herds of bison and elk and an observation tower. The McPherson State Fishing Lake offers primitive camping. In McPherson the first man-made diamond is on display in the McPherson Museum.
McPherson to Great Bend
The landscape now begins to gain elevation slowly and the hills lessen as the ADT enters the Great Plains. Kansas usually produces more wheat than any other state and that fact becomes very evident to the ADT traveler. Not so evident are the salt mines that have been in operation since 1890 near Lyons. This land was occupied by the Quivira Indians and artifacts of their sixteenth-century culture are on exhibit in the Coronado-Quivira Museum.
At Great Bend the ADT joins the Arkansas River and follows it all the way to Canon City, Colorado, about 500 miles west. The towering concrete grain elevators at Great Bend signal that this is the regional grain center. It was also the area’s oil capital, and pumps still extract crude oil from underground reserves beneath the wheat fields. Fort Zarah was located here and guarded the Santa Fe Trail until 1869. South of Great Bend is Quivira National Wildlife Refuge, a birder’s paradise, where over 250 species of birds have been observed.
Great Bend to Kinsley
The ADT goes north through Cheyenne Bottoms Wildlife Area, a 19,000-acre natural land sink that was once a favorite hunting ground for the Cheyenne Indians. Pawnee Rock State Historic Site was a prominent landmark on the Santa Fe Trail. The 100-foot-high red sandstone outcrop was the site of many Indian ambushes.
Larned is the midway point along the Santa Fe Trail. The Santa Fe Trail Center Museum and Cultural Center is located here. Also, Fort Larned National Historic Site is one of the most complete preservations of a western fort. Fort Larned was built in 1859 to protect the mail coaches and commercial wagon trains on the Santa Fe Trail. Farther along the Arkansas River is Kinsley, once a railroad boom town, but today a quieter agricultural center. Kinsley is noted for being exactly halfway (by highway, not by trail) between San Francisco and New York City, 1,561 miles from either city.
Kinsley to Dodge City
Dodge City was fittingly called “Hell on the Plains” and the “Wickedest Little City in America.” Its infamous Front Street was one of the wildest on the frontier, with a well-stocked saloon for every 50 residents. This is where cowboys, cattlemen, buffalo hunters, gunfighters, soldiers, and railroad men all gathered to the delight of the brothel keepers and morticians. Boot Hill got its name because so many men died with their boots on. There was a high-class side to Dodge City as well. In 1879 the Dodge City Cowboy Band, which performed at the Long Branch Saloon, gained national attention because of its good musicianship.
Dodge City to Garden City
The ADT continues along the Arkansas River on mostly gravel roads to the Cimarron River, where the Santa Fe Trail divided into the southern or Cimarron River route and the northern or mountain route. The mountain route, followed by the ADT, was developed in the 1840s because it provided more water sources than the usually dry Cimarron route. Garden City is the center of one of the state’s most intensively irrigated regions, producing bumper crops of wheat, corn, and alfalfa. A 4,000-acre state game preserve is home to a large herd of bison.
Garden City to Coolidge (CO line)
Through Kearney County the ADT follows the River Road north of the Arkansas River. At Kendall the River Road goes south of the river through Hamilton County, past Syracuse to the Colorado border near Coolidge. The route through Hamilton County was the first section of the ADT to be signed with ADT trail markers.